Myron Ferguson enjoys taping and mudding drywall. The frustrating, neck-aching and tedious work of hiding seams and screws is one of Ferguson’s favorite tasks. “For me, taping over freshly hung drywall is the most enjoyable part of a drywalling job,” he wrote in his drywall handbook, “Drywall: Professional Techniques for Great Results.”
Ferguson has 27 years of drywall experience, has written several books on drywall and is a regular contributor to Fine Homebuilding magazine. He knows — and loves — his drywall. We asked him about finishing drywall in an effort to help DIY homeowners find the same joy in taping and mudding.
He said a good finishing job starts with a good drywall job. His three secrets of great drywall finishing are:
• “A quality finish job starts with the hanging of the drywall.”
• “Don't ever use the phrase ‘the taper will fix it.’”
• “The right tools will make the work easier.”
Get Professional Help
Ferguson urges DIY homeowners to “get enough help” when putting up new drywall. “Hanging drywall is not easy. The sheets are heavy, fragile and difficult to maneuver,” he said. He said DIYers should use full 16-foot sheets wherever possible, and minimize seams, particularly butted seams, where rough, untapered edges meet.
Next, he recommends buying and using drywall screws that are the right length. Screws should be long enough to drive through the drywall sheets (the standard width is ½ inch, but drywall varies from ¼ inch to 5/8 inch thich) and about ¾ inch into the framing. Shorter screws are not secure enough, and longer screws are making you work too hard.
The screws should be dimpled just below the surface, and only need to be attached every 16 inches on walls and every 12 inches on ceilings, according to Ferguson. He also recommends using drywall adhesive for added peace of mind and to keep the drywall from popping out from the screws.
Seams, butted or otherwise, must be taped and mudded in three coats. The first coat should stick the tape to the wall leave neither bumps or valleys at the seams. The second coat, a fill coat, should hide the tape and even it out with the surrounding drywall. The final skim coat feathers the edges and fills any small gaps in the mud.
The most common DIY mistakes are:
• Not using enough mudding compound behind tape, causing bubbles.
• Not letting the mudding compound dry thoroughly between coats.
• Too thick or too thin of a fill coat, which covers the tape.
Use the Right Tape
Though he acknowledges mesh tape is easier for rookies, Ferguson recommends paper tape whenever possible for all drywall applications. The only mesh tape as strong as paper is Fibatape’s Perfect Finish tape. Otherwise, mesh tape must be used in conjunction with a dry-mix setting compound.
Avoid Involuntary Texture
Finally, Ferguson recommends texture only for aesthetic reasons, not to cover imperfections. His favorite method of texturing: “Apply the thinned-down compound with a roller and then create a stomp texture with a specially designed flattened brush.”
We can’t promise you will start to enjoy drywall finishing, but at least now you can hopefully get better results.