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Garage door maintenance is about preventing potential injury due to worn-out garage door parts; plus, good garage door maintenance will also help prolong the life of your garage. It's definitely worth it to take the time to perform some maintenance checks on your garage door. Garage door maintenance mostly involves checking the hardware and springs to ensure that they are in place and have not worn out, but it can also include more advanced maintenance checks, like checking the garage door balance.
1. Checking Springs
Checking garage door springs involves two parts: adjustment and lubrication. No garage door adjustments, especially those involving springs, should be attempted by a homeowner. This type of maintenance check should always be performed by an experienced garage door contractor. The springs are responsible for almost all of the work that it takes to open and close a garage door. A garage door is heavy and dangerous and could fall - or worse, a spring could fly across the garage or into your face. Serious injuries have been incurred by homeowners attempting to change or adjust a spring by themselves. Be safe and find a professional to do it for you.
Lubricating the springs is something you can do as often as you find necessary. If you notice that the garage door is squeaking or opening and closing more slowly than usual, apply a lightweight oil to coat the rollers, hinges, pins, track, springs, etc. Do not use a heavy oil or grease: It won't do a proper job. On average, you should lubricate the garage parts at least once a year.
2. Check Hardware Connections
All hardware should be checked. To stay organized, make a checklist of all garage hardware, including cables, levers and rollers. Hardware should be checked at least twice a year for loose connections or worn metal. Make sure not to adjust any garage door hardware on your own.
3. Painting and Staining
If you have a wood garage door then yearly maintenance is important. If only the outside of a garage door is painted or stained, the door may warp and the moisture will subvert the paint, causing it to peel. Manufacturers of wood garage doors recommend that you initially paint both the inside and outside of the door, and repaint the exterior surface every year or two. (Source: HomeTips.com).
4. Check Door Balance
Periodically testing the balance of your door can prevent problems from occurring. To do this:
1. Start with the garage door closed.
2. If you have a garage door opener, use the release mechanism so you can operate the door by hand when doing this test.
3. You should be able to lift the door smoothly and with little resistance. It should stay open around three or four feet above the floor. If it does not, its adjustment is off. Have it adjusted by a qualified service person. (Source: DASMA)