What Is the Best Type of Wood for a Fence?

wood fence

A wooden fence is a great addition to any home. You can install a fence for privacy, security, to reduce noise, or just for the look of it. So what type of wood should you use? That depends on your climate, budget, and how long you are planning to stay in your home.

Selecting the Best Wood

When selecting a type of lumber for your fence, consider the local weather. Do you live in a rainy area or a dry area? Does your area reach freezing temperatures or above 100 degree temperatures? Does the weather fluctuate or remain relatively stable? Choosing the proper wood for your climate will deter decay and provide a long-lasting fence.

The next thing to be aware of is the wood's susceptibility to insect infestation. If your wood does not have a natural repellent or is not pressure treated, termites could take up residence and eat away at your fence, leaving it to rot and fall apart.

It's also important to consider your budget. You may not be able to afford the sturdiest, longest-lasting wood. However, more durable wood may actually save you money if you plan on remaining in your home for a few decades. Over time, durable wood will require fewer repairs and is less likely to need replacement. If, however, you're looking to move out, it may not be worth the investment to purchase a long-lasting wood.

The average wooden fence can last anywhere from 10 years to 30, depending on the quality of the installation, type of wood, and how well it's maintained. Consult with a professional fence contractor to determine the best wood for your home's needs, and to have it installed to last. Once installed, you may want to consider hiring a landscaper to change the look of the yard and incorporate your new fence into the overall look.

Popular Types of Wood

The most popular woods used for fencing are pine and cedar, though cypress and redwood are also good options.

  • Pine wood is common because of its relatively inexpensive cost and longevity. It's also soft and therefore easy to work with, and it resists shrinkage.

  • Cedar doesn't require much maintenance and the wood contains natural insect-repelling substances. Its pleasant scent and pleasing look also make it desirable, though it is more expensive than some other types of wood.

  • Cypress is a popular alternative to cedar because it's also insect-resistant and similar in price. It has a nice aroma and few knots.

  • Redwood is also insect-resistant and long lasting, and many people prefer its look, though it is similarly priced to cedar.


Be sure to treat your fence with weatherproof solution. It should also contain UV protection which will preserve the natural color of the wood for longer. Clean and refinish the fence every other year to maintain its look.

Always choose pressure-treated wood if available. This wood has undergone a process in which chemicals that protect the wood from insects and decay are forced into the wood making it last longer.

In any event, wood is subject to warping and cracking over time, so regardless of how much effort you put into it, it won't last forever. However, choosing the right type of wood and having it installed properly will give you the best, longest-lasting fence possible.

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